The acropolis of ancient Alea (Bougiati)
The area of Alea (Bougiati) is 74 km west of Argos. In ancient times, Alea was an Arcadian city founded by Aleos, the son of Apheidas. The well-fortified acropolis, built of limestone blocks, took up the plateau on Tapia or Goula Hill. The total length of the surviving walls (east and west), with 25 watchtowers, is nearly 78 m. The walls descend almost perpendicularly to the valley, which spreads at the foot of the hill. The fortifications that have survived belong to Macedonian period.
The Olympian pantheon is represented in Alea by well-known divinities. The sanctuaries of Ephesian Artemis and Athena Alea and the temple of Dionysus—in whose honour a festival was held known as the Skiereia—owe their beneficial power to the natural environment and the work of man. During the time of Pausanias, the city of Alea belonged to Stymphalos and was part of the Argive League.
In 1964, excavation work was carried out by the Ephoros of Argolis-Corinth, N. Berdelis, a short distance of around 150 m southeast of the church of Agios Georgios. A Roman water tank was discovered and a small retaining wall. These interesting finds help decide on the direction of the search for residential remains of the ancient city that extended across the level ground at the foot of the hill of the acropolis.